Download the map of HPV vaccine access and coverage in Canada. [LINK]
HPV vaccine (type and dosage) administered
GARDASIL®9 is administered according to the NACI recommended immunization schedule for HPV vaccines.1
Accessing publicly funded HPV vaccination in school
Children receive the HPV vaccine in school in grade 7.2
Accessing publicly funded HPV vaccination outside of school
Individuals 18 years of age or under who were eligible for the HPV vaccine in grade 7 but did not receive it can get it for free through their doctor or nurse.4 The following groups of individuals can also receive a free HPV vaccine2:
- Men who have sex with men and are 45 years of age or under
- Individuals 45 years of age or under who are living with HIV
Primary care providers, physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses and pharmacists5 can administer the vaccine. Prescriptions are technically not required for the HPV vaccine6 unless the individual is purchasing it themselves*.
Accessing HPV vaccination outside of publicly funded programs
Individuals who did not receive the vaccine in grade school and are not eligible for the publicly funded vaccine can speak with their doctor, nurse or pharmacist about getting it.4 If recommended, the vaccine series can be purchased privately for $510 to $630 (total cost for three doses)**. Some individuals may receive partial or full coverage for the HPV vaccine through their private health insurance plan, although access varies by jurisdiction, insurance provider and individual plans*.
*Prescriptions for the HPV vaccine are often required for private health insurance coverage. Primary care providers, physicians, nurse practitioners and pharmacists5 can prescribe the HPV vaccine.
**Based on the list price for GARDASIL®9. Prices range due to varied pharmacy costs and injection fees.
- Goyette A, Yen GP, Racovitan V, Bhangu P, Kothari S, Franco EL. Evolution of Public Health Human Papillomavirus Immunization Programs in Canada. Curr Oncol 2021; 28(1): 991-1007.
- Government of Nova Scotia. Publicly Funded Vaccine/Immunoglobulin Eligibility Policy. 2019. Available from: https://novascotia.ca/dhw/cdpc/documents/Nova_Scotia_Vaccine_Immunoglobin_eligibility.pdf
- Diamond LM, Clarfield LE, Forte M. Vaccinations against human papillomavirus missed because of COVID-19 may lead to a rise in preventable cervical cancer. CMAJ 2021; 193(37).
- Sexual Health Nova Scotia. HPV Vaccination. 2018. Available from: https://shns.ca/hpv-vaccination/
- Canadian Pharmacists Association. Injection Authority and Vaccine Administration in Pharmacies Across Canada. 2022. Available from: https://www.pharmacists.ca/cpha-ca/function/utilities/pdf-server.cfm?thefile=/cpha-on-the-issues/Immunization_Authority_Chart.pdf
- National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities. Outline of the Schedules. Available from: https://www.napra.ca/sites/default/files/documents/Schedules-Outline.pdf